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Upon completion of this course you will have achieved a working knowledge of the following objectives. (CRMJ 2400_SOC 2400 Criminology) Please provide a comprehensive answer to the following questions related to the learning objectives.  Each answer is worth 10pts.


(From here on out, after each of the question,  please double space your answers, if necessary cite your resources, and assure you have included your applicable  references. Please use the college writing center for assistance or you can use the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL


Example of how to cite a source:  There are five major theories of crime causation, and several subcategories within each of those (Schmalleger,2016)  including Classical, Biological, Social Structure, Social Process and Conflict (or critical criminology) theory.


Schmalleger (2014) indicated that understanding criminality requires the study of crime causation, internal or external influences and to determine how society might intervene to reduce the incidence.

[Remove the above instructions before submitting your paper]



History of Criminology


Define criminology and discuss how this discipline emerged.  What are the other contributing disciplines, which helped to design the study of crime and its causation.  Do you feel, after reading through the book, supplemental materials and conducting your own research that this is a necessary discipline?  Describe the benefits or detriments to this field.








Major Theories of Crime Causation


Identify, define, describe and compare three of the major theories of crime causation, which were discussed throughout this course. (You may select from Classical, Biological, Psychological, Social Structure, Social Process, Social Developmental, or Social Conflict theories of criminology.)



Nature and Extent of Crime


Describe what is meant by the “nature of crime” and explain how we explore the problem. Reflect back on chapter 1’s definition of crime, the ways in which we look at crime (legally, politically, socially and psychologically). Integrate the importance of scientific data in determining the extent of crime and how it impacts our society.  Reflect back on Chapter 3 (Classical and Neoclassical thought) and describe the sources of law and the concepts of mala en se, mala probitita, the concurrency of crime causation (mala en se and actus reus) and society’s reaction to crime. 




Criminalistics and Crime Reporting


Identify, describe and explain how the justice system obtains the statistics related to criminal behavior. (Reflect on the chapter (1 & 2, 10, and 11-15 on specific crime categories Discuss the Uniform Crime Report, National Victim’s Survey and the Self Reporting Surveys (three primary means of obtaining criminal justice data) and briefly describe how today’s crime rates differ from the last five years.  Are these reporting systems valid today?  Have we updated the system to reflect the crime threats of a contemporary world?



Punishment or Rehabilitation?


Discuss what is meant by criminal punishment (Chapter 2, retribution, deterrence, capital punishment, restrictive measures, and/or restitution) and the purpose/goal  of criminal sanctions on crime control (Obj #5). Describe the various options which could be used by a criminal court (include incarceration, fines, restitution, probation, alternative sanctions) with a brief description of what each of those might involve.







[Remove these examples before submitting your paper]

Schmalleger, F. (2014). Criminology today : An integrative introduction (10th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

[JOURNAL ARTICLE] Ajournalarticle, R. H., & Seabreeze, R. M. (2002). Example of journal article reference entry :Title of article goes here, sentence-style caps, no italics. Journal Title in Italics and Headline Style Caps, 22, 236-252. doi:10.1016/0022-006X.56.6.893

[WEBARTICLE] Donlinemagazineornewsletterarticle, B. E. (1999, July). Did you notice alphabetical references. [Special issue]. Hot Prose, 126 (5). Retrieved from

[BOOK] O’encyclopedia, S. E. (1993). Words. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (vol. 38, pp. 745-758). Chicago: Forty-One Books.

[WEBSITE] Lynn Langton, L. and Truman, J.L. (2014) Criminal Victimization 2013. Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from





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