KINDLY PROVIDE QUALITY FEEDBACK COMMENTS ON THE 2 DISCUSSIONS BELOW:
All of us need food and water to live and survive. Describe how communities and individuals ensure the quality of both food and water. What steps can be taken to make sure both the food and water and safe to consume?
What current issues have arisen in the past few years (think states, cities, towns, restaurants, etc.)
According to the e-text To protect the public from foodborne diseases requires the coordinated efforts of federal, state, and local health agencies. At the federal level, the CDC, under its Emerging Infections Program, has established the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (Food Net) to provide better data on foodborne diseases. Food Net tracks diseases caused by enteric pathogens transmitted through foods. ( McKenzie 2018) The government regulation has very strict guidelines to protect us by following the proper rules of processing and we should also make sure that we buy products that are certified by the government and be used by the date and not consumed after expiration.. food can be contaminated by way of processing the most common outbreak is salmonella which are most implicated in poultry, fish, dairy, fruits and vegetables. Fruits an vegetables can also be contaminated by use of water coming from a source with chemical or harmful substance. You can also practice a good cooking practice where water is very important and cleaning the vegetables to use it as part of the food needed to be cooked. contaminated water should not be allowed to mix with the environment and they should be properly treated, water pollution from industrial waste is a problem that the needs to be monitor by the government to stop major pollution in the river and lakes it can sometimes be very difficult for the water to get cleaned by a natural process and that is why they have water treatment plant to filter out all the harmful process and that public awareness is also important to help keep our water supplies clean. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is charged with ensuring the safety of our foods, except for meat and dairy products. In the restaurant industry their is a lot of guidelines that will help to prevent food borne illnesses and there are ways to prevent this by washing your hands and your work surfaces regularly, do not cross contaminate meats and vegetables, always cook to the proper temperature and to refrigerated food promptly.
Just as an individual’s health can be determined by their lifestyle, income, education, and genetic factors, their well-being can also be determined by the environment to which they’ve adapted to. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it has been reported that in many places, communities “lacks the capacity” to successfully adjust their contemporary systems for water, sanitation, and hygiene to the community’s changing needs. Community water systems and water safety plans are principal ways to ensure the health of the community (Community Water Systems and Water Safety Plans, n.d). In reference to the eText, under the Safe Drinking Water Act, the EPA sets national standards to limit the levels of contaminants in drinking water and oversees the states, localities, and water suppliers who implement those standards (McKenzie, n.d). One of the greatest concerns in regards to water accessibility today is water pollution. Preventing water pollution and Industrial Waste is something that we as a community must put to an end together. Getting river water and large bodies of water clean take a significant amount of time, especially through a natural process. As far as food, accessibility of sufficient food supply in many marginalized communities depends greatly on access to natural resources, including water (Water and food security | International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’ 2005-2015, n.d). Not only can contaminated water affect the well-being of individuals, but so can the excess of chemical use in food production. Despite increased food production, there is still a lack of healthy, affordable food in low-income communities and communities of color, as well as varying disparities in rural localities compared with urban ones (Blackwell, 2016). Encouraging organic farming can reduce the risk of consuming contaminated food. Also buying government-approved products ensures a better chance of eating safely. In reference to the eText, it is important to recognize that consumers, themselves, can further reduce their risk for foodborne illness by following safe food-handling practices and by avoiding consumption of certain unsafe foods (McKenzie, n.d). If we refer back to our first discussion board, the first recognized outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease in New York occurred in 2015
between January and August. Another cluster of disease victims was reported in Manhattan’s Washington Heights neighborhood in 2018 as the second outbreak within that year. The cause of the initial outbreak was due to a Legionella bacteria-contaminated cooling tower which most likely may have caused the second one.
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