MULTIPLE CHOICE

MULTIPLE CHOICE: (60 Questions—2 points each—120 possible points.)

Read each question and all of the alternatives carefully. Highlight the best answer.

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QUESTION 1

Among the effects of the Great Depression were

a.

a sharp decline in the birth rate

 

b.

over 25% unemployment

 

c.

more than 5,000 banks failed losing more than 9 million savings accounts

 

d.

dramatic increase in mortgage foreclosures

 

e.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 2

The removal of prairie grasses by farmers, followed by drought and prairie winds devastated the Great Plains in what was known as (the)

a.

“Anacostia Flats”

 

b.

“shanty towns”

 

c.

“Hoovervilles”

 

d.

“Dust Bowl”

2 points

QUESTION 3

Some basic explanations of the Great Depression would include all of the following EXCEPT

a.

American factories produced more goods than the public could consume.

 

b.

world-wide economic problems.

 

c.

wild speculation on the stock market.

 

d.

American companies could not effectively compete with European manufacturers.

 

e.

long suffering farm, railroad and coal industries.

2 points

QUESTION 4

Between 1930 and 1940 immigration into the U. S.

a.

remained consistently high and therefore similar to the decades before and after

 

b.

saw a significant increase from previous decades

 

c.

dropped dramatically from the previous decade

 

d.

none of the above

2 points

QUESTION 5

One industry which suffered only a temporary setback during the early days of the Great Depression and then prospered during most of the 1930s was

a.

automobile manufacturing.

 

b.

textile production.

 

c.

coal mining.

 

d.

the stock market.

 

e.

Hollywood filmmaking.

2 points

QUESTION 6

Prior to becoming president, Herbert Hoover served as

 

a.

Vice President

 

b.

Secretary of Commerce

 

c.

mayor of Cleveland

 

d.

governor of New York

 

e.

president of the largest bank in the country

2 points

QUESTION 7

Which of the following best describes President Herbert Hoover’s approach to the Great Depression?

a.

a belief in voluntary action

 

b.

a commitment to direct federal relief

 

c.

total inactivity

 

d.

passage of the “Hundred Days” legislation

2 points

QUESTION 8

A “Hooverville” was a(n)

a.

experimental model residential community envisioned by the president

 

b.

basket of food to be donated to the hungry

 

c.

collection of oral stories recorded by PWA workers

 

d.

shanty town of otherwise homeless

 

e.

march or protest against the government

2 points

QUESTION 9

The “Bonus Army” or “Bonus Expeditionary Force” issue arose when

a.

World War I veterans descended on Washington, D. C. to demand the bonuses that had been promised them.

 

b.

army soldiers decided to strike until they were paid their salaries.

 

c.

volunteer soldiers overthrew the democratically elected government in Panama.

 

d.

women protested that they were denied the right to serve in the armed forces.

2 points

QUESTION 10

Roosevelt’s new Democratic coalition included

a.

African Americans

 

b.

labor

 

c.

southern and western farmers

 

d.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 11

The New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt

 

a.

was opposed to direct federal relief for individual citizens.

 

b.

gave most Americans a fear of government action.

 

c.

greatly expanded the activities of the federal government.

 

d.

imposed a spirit of pessimism on America .

2 points

QUESTION 12

During FDR’s first hundred (100) days in office he

a.

passed through Congress at least fifteen major pieces of legislation.

 

b.

restored the American public’s faith in the banking system.

 

c.

stabilized then increased farm prices.

 

d.

began to put people back to work.

 

e.

all of the above.

2 points

QUESTION 13

The National Recovery Administration (NRA)

 

a.

helped to establish business codes for various industries.

 

b.

used the eagle emblem to encourage compliance.

 

c.

was declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.

 

d.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 14

The Emergency Banking Relief Act

a.

provided a bailout for bankers by providing hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars in loans to the banking system.

 

b.

nationalized the five largest banks in the country and then provided loans through those banks to the rest of the banking industry.

 

c.

created the National Reserve System to purchase the bad debt.

 

d.

authorized the President to declare a bank holiday until bank books could be reviewed

by teams of federal bank examiners after which solvent banks were reopened.

2 points

QUESTION 15

The major purpose of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Public Works Administration (PWA) was to

a.

put able-bodied workers to work.

 

b.

build the national defense capabilities of the U. S.

 

c.

promote a socialist transformation of the American economy

 

d.

produce more food to feed the hungry.

2 points

QUESTION 16

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) concentrated on

 

a.

military training for civilians.

 

b.

skills training for recent high school graduates.

 

c.

improving education through hiring skilled workers to become classroom teachers

 

d.

helping skilled workers find employment within their particular field of expertise

2 points

QUESTION 17

The primary objective of the Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA) was to

a.

increase farm production to keep the poor from starving.

 

b.

provide jobs in food processing plants.

 

c.

decrease agricultural production in order to raise farm commodity prices.

 

d.

bring electricity to the farms and rural communities across the United States .

2 points

QUESTION 18

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

a.

electrified the Appalachian region

 

b.

provided jobs in one of the poorest regions of the country

 

c.

built dams along the Tennessee River and its tributaries for hydro-electric power

 

d.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 19

Roosevelt’s Secretary of Labor was

 

 

Aimee Semple McPherson

 

 

Madeleine Albright

 

 

Margaret Court

 

 

Leonie Escoffery

 

 

Frances Perkins

2 points

QUESTION 20

Opposition to FDR and his New Deal included all of the following EXCEPT

a.

the wealthy

 

b.

Francis Townsend

 

c.

Father Charles Coughlin

 

d.

Huey Long

 

e.

labor unions

2 points

QUESTION 21

Eleanor Roosevelt resigned from the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR)

a.

to encourage the organization to become more egalitarian

 

b.

because the organization failed to support her husband for re-election in 1936

 

c.

in supporting Marion Anderson and more broadly in support civil rights

 

d.

to be able to start the She She She Camps

2 points

QUESTION 22

As First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt

 

 

 

a.

had a full-time staff and full calendar of public events.

 

b.

was a trusted advisor to the president.

 

c.

wrote extensively including hundreds of articles as well as a daily newspaper column “My Day.”

 

d.

gave lectures and appeared on multiple radio broadcasts.

 

e.

all of the above.

2 points

QUESTION 23

In attempting to increase the size of the U. S. Supreme Court Roosevelt

a.

lost his bid for reelection in 1944

 

b.

gained an unusual ally, the Senate Republicans

 

c.

saw his complete dominance of Congress fade

 

d.

none of the above

2 points

QUESTION 24

Overall the New Deal

a.

pulled the U. S. out of the worst depression in the country’s history.

 

b.

helped much of the individual suffering, but was unable to end the Great Depression.

 

c.

actually made the effects of the great Depression worse.

 

d.

was only a political gimmick to help Franklin D. Roosevelt get reelected.

 

e.

none of the above.

2 points

QUESTION 25

In the aftermath of the First World War, the United States was like the other western-style democratic-republics

a.

aggressive and belligerent toward Germany , Italy and Japan

 

b.

isolationist, much more concerned with domestic affairs

 

c.

expansionist seeking additional colonies

 

d.

none of the above

2 points

QUESTION 26

The Versailles Treaty ending World War I included all of the following EXCEPT

a.

no tank or heavy artillery for the German Army

 

b.

blamed Germany for World War I

 

c.

turned the Saar coalfields over to France for fifteen years

 

d.

demilitarized the Rhineland

 

e.

eliminated all German capital ships

2 points

QUESTION 27

The Five Power Naval Treaty

 

a.

came out of the Washington Armaments Conference.

 

b.

involved the U. S. , Japan , Great Britain , France and Italy .

 

c.

declared a ten-year holiday on the construction of capital ships.

 

d.

helped to reduce military expenditures for the U. S.

 

e.

all of the above.

2 points

QUESTION 28

The Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928

a.

secured the control of the Panama Canal for the U. S.

 

b.

declared war illegal

 

c.

was never ratified

 

d.

effectively bolstered international security

2 points

QUESTION 29

The Nine Power Pact (from the Washington Armaments Conference, 1921)

a.

reduced the number of tanks and field artillery pieces for the nine largest armies

 

b.

was an early attempt to establish cultural exchanges across the Atlantic

 

c.

recognized the “Open Door” policy in China

 

d.

eliminated secret alliances among the major powers

2 points

QUESTION 30

In the 1930s German, Japan, and Italy were

a.

strongly anticommunist.

 

b.

powerful and aggressive.

 

c.

discontented with the world status quo.

 

d.

all of the above.

2 points

QUESTION 31

The Anschluss refers to the

a.

growing power of the German military machine during the 1930s

 

b.

German demand for the return of the “Polish Corridor”

 

c.

outlawing by the Nazis of all opposition political parties

 

d.

unification of Germany and Austria

 

e.

return of the Saar coalfields to Germany

2 points

QUESTION 32

The Spanish Civil War

a.

provided an early opportunity for fascists to test their military equipment and tactics

 

b.

saw western-style democratic-republics come to the aid of and secure the safety of Spain

 

c.

led to other civil wars around the world

 

d.

ended in victory for the Marxist forces aided by the USSR

2 points

QUESTION 33

The last to occur chronologically was the

 

German militarization of the Rhineland .

 

 

Munich Conference.

 

 

demise of Czechoslovakia .

 

 

German invasion of Poland .

2 points

QUESTION 34

During World War II, the major Allied powers were

a.

France , Germany , and Japan .

 

b.

Great Britain , United States , and Soviet Union .

 

c.

Germany , Italy , and Japan .

 

d.

Korea , Japan, and Vietnam .

 

e.

none of the above.

2 points

QUESTION 35

Blitzkrieg refers to the

a.

Japanese tactic of crashing their planes into American ships.

 

b.

German battle tactic of concentrating tanks and planes for a quick attack.

 

c.

surprise Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor .

 

d.

intense Allied bombing of Germany .

 

e.

dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki .

2 points

QUESTION 36

The Phony War was

a.

the period just after the German conquest of Poland and before the British and French forces seriously engaged the Germans.

 

b.

how World War II soldiers referred to World War I.

 

c.

the Asian part of World War II that seemed far removed to most Europeans

 

d.

the American and British refusal to open a second front in Europe against the Germans

2 points

QUESTION 37

To assist Great Britain after the fall of France in 1940, Franklin Roosevelt

a.

declared war on Germany .

 

b.

traded fifty old destroyers for eight naval bases.

 

c.

sent a small army to England .

 

d.

encouraged Congress to pass the Neutrality Acts.

2 points

QUESTION 38

Civil liberties in the U. S. after Pearl Harbor were most conspicuously violated by

a.

persecutions of the Communists

 

b.

relocation of the Japanese‑Americans

 

c.

persecutions of German pro‑Hitlerites

 

d.

the jailing of socialists and pacifists

2 points

QUESTION 39

The Battles of Coral Sea and Midway were significant in

 

a.

saving the Philippines from being invaded.

 

b.

thwarting the Japanese army’s drive through Burma .

 

c.

driving the last bit of American sea power from the Pacific.

 

d.

halting the expanse of Japanese power in the Pacific.

2 points

QUESTION 40

The war against Japan included all of the following EXCEPT

a.

submarine warfare in the South China Sea

 

b.

bombing of major Japanese industrial centers

 

c.

large Chinese armies fighting the Japanese invaders in China

 

d.

intense fighting over small islands in the Pacific

 

e.

a major invasion of the Japanese home islands

2 points

QUESTION 41

The Battle of Leyte Gulf

a.

saw one of the largest naval engagements in history

 

b.

began the kamikaze attacks

 

c.

was a last desperate attempt by the Japanese to turn the tide of the war

 

d.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 42

In facing the brunt of Hitler’s offensive machine, the Russians lost

a.

almost 4 million people

 

b.

8‑10 million people

 

c.

over 20 million people

 

d.

almost 100 million people

2 points

QUESTION 43

The overall Allied military commander during World War II was

a.

Colin Powell.

 

b.

John Pershing.

 

c.

Joseph F. Dunford, Jr.

 

d.

Norman Schwarzkopf.

 

e.

Dwight D. Eisenhower.

2 points

QUESTION 44

The first to occur during World War II was the Allied invasion of

 

a.

North Africa

 

b.

Western Europe

 

c.

Italy

 

d.

Southern France

2 points

QUESTION 45

“D‑Day” was the beginning of the

a.

German invasion of Great Britain .

 

b.

German invasion of France .

 

c.

Allied attack on the Germans in France .

 

d.

Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor .

 

e.

Allied invasion of Japan .

2 points

QUESTION 46

American factories were able greatly to exceed Axis factory production because

a.

the Rosie the Riveter campaign encouraged women to work in the paid workforce, thereby increasing American productivity

 

b.

American factories were protected by two oceans and escaped the war unscathed

 

c.

German and Japanese factories were bombed through much of the war

 

d.

the U. S. is blessed with far more natural resources than either Germany or Japan

 

e.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 47

Domestically, World War II led to

a.

an increase in early marriages at the beginning of the war.

 

b.

a mini baby boom during the first year of the war.

 

c.

a rise in juvenile delinquency.

 

d.

an increase in the divorce rate.

 

e.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 48

World War II was

a.

a mobile war using planes, tanks, jeeps, and troop transports

 

b.

a global war

 

c.

an ideological war: fascists versus Marxists and fascists versus democratic republics

 

d.

the bloodiest war of the Twentieth Century

 

e.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 49

The Holocaust

a.

saw the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

 

b.

refers to the six million Jews (eight million people total) executed in the Nazi death camps.

 

c.

was the widespread mass murders in Stalin’s purges.

 

d.

never really happened; it was just propaganda issued by the Allies.

 

e.

none of the above.

2 points

QUESTION 50

Buchenwald, Dachau, Majdanek, Treblinka and Auschwitz were

a.

sites of Nazi Death Camps.

 

b.

potential targets for the atomic bomb.

 

c.

disputed territories between Germany and Poland.

 

d.

key battles in the European theater of World War II.

 

e.

none of the above.

2 points

QUESTION 51

The conference at which Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill outlined plans for the postwar settlement in Europe and the USSR promised

to enter the war against Japan was the

 

a.

Potsdam Conference

 

b.

Berlin Conference

 

c.

Conference of the Big Three in Paris

 

d.

Yalta Conference

 

e.

Geneva Summit

2 points

QUESTION 52

At the Tehran Conference, the Big Three

a.

confirmed the Casablanca Agreement to accept nothing less than unconditional surrender from Germany

 

b.

decided to focus on Germany first and then Japan

 

c.

agreed to Russian expansion into the Baltic Republics

 

d.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 53

The Russians demanded and received no Allied opposition to

a.

expanding into the Baltic Republics—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania

 

b.

reclaiming Sakhalin Island

 

c.

taking the Kurile Islands

 

d.

recovering Port Darien and Port Arthur

 

e.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 54

In his dealings with the Russians, Harry S Truman was

 

a.

dignified, ingratiating, patient, and evasive

 

b.

brash, impatient, and direct

 

c.

timid, cowering, and accommodating

 

d.

at times, all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 55

After the war in Europe the Allies agreed on

a.

a split of Germany and Austria

 

b.

zones of occupation for Germany

 

c.

complete disarmament of Germany

 

d.

dissolution of all Nazi institutions and laws

 

e.

all of the above

2 points

QUESTION 56

The United Nations was established at the

 

a.

San Francisco Conference

 

b.

Paris Conference

 

c.

Potsdam Conference

 

d.

London Summit

 

e.

Geneva Summit

2 points

QUESTION 57

All of the following became permanent members of the Security Council EXCEPT

a.

China

 

b.

France

 

c.

Great Britain

 

d.

Italy

 

e.

USSR

2 points

QUESTION 58

The executive branch of the United Nations is the

a.

General Assembly

 

b.

Secretariat

 

c.

Security Council

 

d.

International Court of Justice

 

e.

Trusteeship Council

2 points

QUESTION 59

The current Secretary General of the United Nations is

a.

Kofi Annan

 

b.

António Guterres

 

c.

Ban Ki-moon

 

d.

Javier Pérez de Cuéllar

 

e.

Dag Hammarskjöld

2 points

QUESTION 60

After World War II the International Military Tribunal tried high-ranking Nazi officials and German military leaders for war crimes in

a.

Nuremberg

 

b.

Berlin

 

c.

Paris

 

d.

Geneva

 

e.

Milan

2 points

 

 

0 points

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