Theoretical Models and Approaches Paper

One of the challenges we face as counselors is developing our theoretical model or approach to counseling. Given the complexity and unique characteristics of each client, we know that it is impossible to have a single theory or approach that explains all human behavior. Likewise, as you read through the various etiological models or explanations of addiction, the tendency is ask “Which one is the correct model?” The answer is not so simple. All of these models are helpful and provide important information for counselors beginning their studies in addiction counseling, but no single model adequately explains why some individuals become addicted to a substance and others do not. So which is the correct one? The answer is “all of the above” as addiction is too complex to try to use one approach to explain addiction when working with a client.

Therefore, it is important to recognize that addiction is not caused by a single factor, which then requires us to integrate aspects of the various models to understand and develop treatment options for clients. For example, while there may be similarities in all addicted individuals, the etiology and motivation for the use of drugs varies from person to person. For some individuals, there may be a genetic predisposition or a physiological reason for use and later addiction to a drug. For others, addiction may be a result of a disruption in their personal development, without a known genetic predisposition or physiological dysfunction. Thus, we have to consider each model, and evaluate how it does or does not explain an aspect of the client’s addiction.

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To help you in this process, you will review the 8 distinct classification of models to explain addiction found in the textbook (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2020, pp. 7–17):

The Moral Model The Public Health Model

Psychological Models The Developmental Model

Family Models Biological Models

The Disease Model Sociocultural Models

For this assignment, you will write a 4–5-page paper (excluding title page and reference page) where you will begin to take a multi-causal approach. Select four (4) models from the above 8 categories. Then, the student will provide an overview of the model and describe 1 example he/she researched that particular model.

Each model must include at least 3 paragraphs. The first must provide an overview of the model, then an example and must give specific reasons for why he/she felt this example provides a good explanation according to the theoretical model. The textbook and one scholarly source must be used for each of the 4 model selections. To ensure a good grade, refer to the grading rubric provided and use current APA format.

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